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Targeted next-generation sequencing-based detection of microsatellite instability in colorectal carcinomas
In the present study, we developed a computational method and panel markers to assess microsatellite instability (MSI) using a targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) platform and compared the performance of our computational method, mSILICO, with that of mSINGS to detect MSI in CRCs.
We evaluated 13 CRC cell lines, 84 fresh and 119 formalin-fixed CRC tissues (including 61 MSI-high CRCs and 155 microsatellite-stable CRCs) and tested the classification performance of the two methods on 23, 230, and 3,154 microsatellite markers.
These results were similar to those of mSINGS. With the application of mSILICO, the small panel of 23 markers had a sensitivity of ≥95% and a specificity of 100% in cell lines/fresh tissues and formalin-fixed tissues of CRC.
In conclusion, we developed a new computational method and microsatellite marker panels for the determination of MSI that does not require paired normal tissues.
A small panel could be integrated into the targeted NGS panel for the concurrent analysis of single nucleotide variations and MSI.